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Green infrastructure futures: from planning to delivery - conference slides (April 2015)
Presentations from Paul Nolan (The Mersey Forest), Nerys Jones (Strategic Greenspace Consultant), Prof John Handley (University of Manchester), John Flaherty (Knowsley Council), Iain Taylor (The Peel Group), Sarah Dewar (NHS Liverpool CCG), Pedr Jones (Waterco Consultants) and Richard Tracey (Atlantic Gateway Parklands)
The Value of Mapping Green Infrastructure (RICS, August 2011)
RICS in partnership with Ordnance Survey and The Mersey Forest has produced a new thought leadership output on how geographical technologies are now central to understanding, planning and utilising green infrastructure resources.
Planning Policy Statement: Planning and Climate Change - Supplement to Planning Policy Statement 1 (CLG, Dec 2007)
This national PPS supplements PPS1 on delivering sustainable development. It sets out how planning should contribute to reducing emissions and stabilising climate change and take into account the unavoidable consequences. In particular, it states that when selecting land for development planning authorities should take into account "the contribution to be made from existing and new opportunities for open space and green infrastructure to urban cooling, sustainable drainage systems, and conserving and enhancing biodiversity".
The Urban Environment - Summary of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution's Report (RCEP, 2007)
This summary examines the environment within urban areas and the wider environmental impacts of towns and cities, and considers the relationship between the urban environment and human health and wellbeing. It lists principles and key recommendations for a better urban environment, calling for the promotion of green infrastructure through planning policy as key to putting these principles into practice.
Green Infrastructure - Report to the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (Goode, 2006)
This detailed report by Dr David Goode was commissioned during the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution study on the urban environment. It focuses on multifunctional green space and the ecosystem services provided by green infrastructure including climate amelioration, water management, biodiversity and health; with recommendations for policy guidance.
Climate Change Adaptation by Design - a guide for sustainable communities (TCPA, 2007)
This climate change adaptation guide, produced by the Town and Country Planning Association, is for planners, urban designers, developers and anyone engaged in creating sustainable communities. It includes guidance on how to implement adaptation through design and development at conurbation/catchment, neighbourhood and building scales, with a strong emphasis on the role of green infrastructure.
Gill, S.E. (2006) Climate Change and Urban Greenspace. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester
This PhD thesis was undertaken as part of the EPSRC/UKCIP funded 'Adaptation Strategies for Climate Change in Urban Environments (ASCCUE)' research project. It explores and quantifies the role of urban greenspace in adapting for climate change, with a particular emphasis on its role in reducing surface temperatures and surface water runoff. Modelling suggests that the expected maximum surface temperature increase in built up areas could be prevented by adding 10% greenspace. However, during droughts, the cooling effect of greenspace is diminished, and irrigation would be needed for 2-5 months each year by the 2080s to sustain this function. Urban greenspace normally moderates surface runoff, but is ineffective at counteracting the increased runoff from a once-a-year precipitation event with climate change. Cities can be largely climate-proofed by soft engineering, but attention will need to be paid to managing rainwater runoff, perhaps by increasing storage and using it to irrigate greenspace. More emphasis must be placed on the functional importance of green infrastructure in planning policy and practice.
Biodiversity by Design - a guide for sustainable communities (TCPA, 2004)
The aim of this guide, produced by the Town and Country Planning Association, is to provide guidance on how to maximise the opportunities for biodiversity in the planning and design of sustainable communities. The guide takes the user through the design process, presenting a toolkit of best practice that can be tailored according to the scale of the development opportunity. Green infrastructure planning and design is seen as a crucial element in creating ecologically functional habitat networks.
Early, C. (2004) Green Solution to City Blues. Planning, 1595, 19/11/04: 15-16.
A short paper exploring how urban forestry can improve the quality of life in our towns and cities. The benefits of urban woods and trees are examined with reference to a project undertaken by the National Urban Forestry Unit.
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