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Building a Green Infrastructure for Europe (European Commission, 2013)
An EU view on green infrastructure
Ecosystems and Human Well-being - synthesis (Millenium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005)
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was carried out to assess the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being and to establish the scientific basis for actions needed to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of ecosystems and their contributions to human well-being. This report presents a synthesis and integration of the findings. It focuses on the linkages between ecosystems and human well-being and, in particular, on "ecosystem services".
MacDonald, L., Allen, W., Benedict, M. & O’Connor, K. (2005) Green Infrastructure Plan Evaluation Frameworks. Journal of Conservation Planning, 1(1): 12-43.
This paper proposes plan evaluation frameworks at regional and local scales that can be used by planners in the future as a guideline or checklist of best practices for developing green infrastructure plans, as well as a standard means of evaluating plans.
Williamson, K.S. (2003) Growing with Green Infrastructure. Heritage Conservancy, Doylestown, PA.
This paper charts the evolution of the principles and processes of the Green infrastructure ethos. A suggested process for developing a Green infrastructure system at the township level is presented as a six staged approach which incorporates economic viability, cultural and community issues into a strategic greenspace plan. Includes a range of excellent diagrams.
McMahon, E. & Benedict, M. (2003) How Cities Use Parks for Green Infrastructure. City Parks Forum Briefing Paper 05, American Planning Association, Chicago, IL.
In their role as green infrastructure, parks and open space are a community necessity. This briefing paper identifies the need for parks to be viewed as part of a larger green infrastructure system, roles discussed include; interconnected systems of parks, ecological functionality, biodiversity protection, shaping urban form, buffering land uses and reducing public costs.
Benedict, M.A. & McMahon, E.T. (2002) Green Infrastructure: Smart Conservation for the 21st Century. Renewable Resources Journal, 20 (3), 12-17.
This article introduces green infrastructure as a strategic approach to land conservation that addresses the ecological and social impacts of sprawl and the accelerated consumption and fragmentation of open land. It describes the concept and value of green infrastructure and presents seven principles for successful green infrastructure initiatives.
North West Region
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