Alphabetical Index

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106 Agreements
Legal agreements or undertakings under section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act. They provide a means of ensuring that developers contribute towards the infrastructure and services that are necessary to facilitate proposed development. Also known as Planning Obligations.

Accessible Natural Greenspace Standards (ANGSt)
These standards recognise the importance of nature in the urban context in terms of improving the quality of people’s lives and people’s entitlement to have access to, and experience of, nature near to where they live.

Community Forest
Initiative for environmental regeneration through woodland creation, management and associated habitats. Recognised as key delivery mechanisms for achieving improvements in and around towns and cities, creating beautiful areas rich in wildlife, with associated provision for access, leisure and education and contributing to social, economic and environmental improvements. See also Community Forest Plans

Community Forest Plans
These are long-term integrated visions for geographically defined areas, based on community involvement and wide-ranging local partnerships. The delivery of Forest Plans is facilitated by small independent teams that have the ability to develop new and innovative approaches to implementation. See The Mersey Forest and Red Rose Forest.

Community Strategies
District and county authorities have a duty to prepare Community Strategies under the Local Government Act 2000. These identify the needs and aspirations of local communities and opportunities for realising them. Community Strategies are prepared by LSPs where established.

Constraints Map
Map showing the location of important resources and receptors that may form constraints to development.

Development Plan Document (DPD)
Any part of the Local Development Framework that forms part of the statutory development plan – these are: Cores Strategy, area wide policies, topic policies, area action plans, proposals map and site allocations but would not included Statement of Community Involvement or Supplementary Planning Documents.

Geographical Information System (GIS)
Computerised database of geographical information that can easily be updated and manipulated.

Government Office North West (GONW)
The regional government office responsible for implementing national policy in the North West region and ensuring Local Planning Authorities’ policies and plans accord with national guidance.

Green Belt
An area of land designated in Development Plans that restricts new built development in order to achieve a number of specific purposes, such as preventing the sprawl of large built-up areas. Green Belts are expected to offer long-term certainty, with their boundaries being altered only in exceptional circumstances.

Green Infrastructure
Green infrastructure is the region's life support system – the network of natural environmental components and green and blue spaces that lies within and between the North West's cities, towns and villages which provides multiple social, economic and environmental benefits. In the same way that the transport infrastructure is made up of a network of roads, railways, airports etc. green infrastructure has its own physical components, including parks, rivers, street trees and moorland.

Combinations of land use and vegetation that cover the land surface.

Landscape Analysis
The process of breaking the landscape down into its component parts to understand how it is made up. The method is often used in landscape ecology based studies and methodologies.

Landscape Capacity
The degree to which a particular landscape character type or area is able to accommodate change without unacceptable adverse effects on its character. Capacity is likely to vary according to the type and nature of change being proposed.

Landscape Character
The distinct and recognisable pattern of elements that occurs consistently in a particular type of landscape, and how this is perceived by people. It reflects particular combinations of geology, landform, soils, vegetation, land use and human settlement. It creates the particular sense of place of different areas of the landscape.

Landscape Character Assessment (LCA)
An approach to assessing and recording those features and characteristics that constitute a particular landscape as a basis for informed planning and policy decisions that respect and enhance that character and a local sense of place.

Landscape Classification
A process of sorting the landscape into different types or typologies using selected criteria but without attaching relative values to the different kinds of landscapes.

Landscape Quality / Condition
Based on judgements about the physical state of the landscape, and about its intactness, from visual, functional, and ecological perspectives. It also reflects the state of repair of individual features and elements which make up the character in any one place.

Landscape Sensitivity
The extent to which a landscape can accept change of a particular type and scale without unacceptable adverse effects on its character.

Local Biodiversity Action Plans (LBAPs)
These are produced by local partnerships, reflecting local priorities for action to conserve wildlife habitats, geological features and landforms that contribute to local, regional and national biodiversity. They recognise the contribution of biodiversity to quality of life and local distinctiveness, contributing to the well-being of local communities.

Local Development Framework (LDF)
Replacements for Structure and Local Plans these are prepared by local planning authorities. LDFs comprise a series of documents including a Core Strategy, Area Action Plans for areas of change or conservation and Supplementary Planning Documents. The Core Strategy and Area Action Plans have statutory ‘development plan’ status.

Local Development Scheme (LDS)
A project management document setting out what the Local Development Framework will contain, a timetable for its production, proposals for monitoring and review.

Local Strategic Partnership (LSP)
Local partnerships which prepare community strategies, provide a forum through which service providers can collaborate to meet local priorities, help to develop and deliver local public service agreements and local neighbourhood renewal strategies.

Mersey Forest
The largest of the twelve Community Forests, covering 115,000 hectares of Merseyside and North Cheshire, and including nine partner local authorities. Woodland and associated habitat creation and management, community involvement and environmental regeneration are delivered by The Mersey Forest Team in association with a wide ranging partnership of agencies, groups and individuals in order to achieve social, economic and environmental gains.

Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM)
Created as a central government department in May 2002. It is responsible for policy on housing, planning, regional and local government and the fire service.

Planning Obligations
Legal agreements or undertakings under section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act. They provide a means of ensuring that developers contribute towards the infrastructure and services that are necessary to facilitate proposed development. Also known as 106 Agreements.

Planning Policy Statements / Planning Policy Guidance (PPS / PPG)
Set out the Government’s national policies on different aspects of planning. The policies in this statement apply throughout England and focus on procedural policy and the process of preparing local development documents.

Public Benefit Recording System (PBRS)
Developed by the Forestry Commission to assist the strategic targeting of woodland creation and management. It is being used to support the delivery of the NWDA funded Newlands project in the North West. It is designed to help identify sites on which planting can make the greates contribution to social, economic and environmental issues in their locality, thereby ensuring that public resources are used most effectively. It can also be valuable in supporting wider strategic greenspace thinking in for example growth areas.

Quality of Life Assessment
A tool for maximising environmental, economic and social benefits as part of any land-use planning or management decision. It provides a systematic and transparent evaluation framework for all scales of decision making., integrates environmental, economic and social issues, and combines professional and local community views.

Red Rose Forest
The Community Forest covering over 75,000 hectares of Greater Manchester, transforming the area into a greener, better place to live, work, visit and invest in. A wide partnership is involved in the delivery of the Red Rose Forest Plan including six local authority partners.

Regional Forestry Framework (RFF)
A regional expression of the England Forest Strategy, these non-statutory statements and action plans are developed to ensure that national and regional policy for woodland and trees is properly integrated with the main economic, social and environmental strategies operating at the regional level. Regional Forestry Frameworks are owned by the main regional government bodies.

Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS)
Replacement for Regional Planning Guidance, these documents set out a long-term vision and spatial strategy for each region in England and will incorporate sub-regional elements, they are prepared by regional planning bodies and have statutory status. The Regional Spatial Strategy for the North West is currently in the development stages by the North West Regional Assembly (NWRA).

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
An assessment of the potential impacts of policies and proposals on the environment, include proposals for the mitigation of impacts.

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)
A document which expands or supplements policy in development plan documents, for example design guidance, site development guidance, parking standards etc.

Sustainability Appraisal (SA)
An appraisal of the impacts of policies and proposals on economic, social and environmental issues. This can also cover the issues required by Strategic Environmental Assessment.