Evidence type: Policy
This policy statement sets out the principles that should guide decision making on the sustainable management of flood and coastal erosion risk in England. It sets out why appraisal is necessary, and the principles and policies that should guide this work. In particular it emphasises the need to ensure that appraisals for all activity (whether strategic level plans or individual projects):
• Give more consideration to 'risk management' and 'adaptation', as opposed to only 'protection' and 'defence';
• Are undertaken consistently, transparently, with value for money in mind and in a way that complies with the Treasury guidance on appraisal and evaluation in central Government (The Green Book);
• Help achieve better social and environmental outcomes as part of sustainable development, both by considering a broader range of issues and by using a broader range of analysis techniques;
• Adopt a risk-based approach, whilst considering impacts within the whole of a catchment or shoreline process area.
This document should be read in conjunction with the Environment Agency's best practice implementation guidance on appraisal which is being published separately.
Appraisal has an important role to play in ensuring that flood and coastal erosion risk management contributes to sustainable development.
Defra has encouraged the development of a strategic framework for flood and coastal erosion risk management based on Shoreline Management Plans and Catchment Flood Management Plans. The development of Shoreline Management Plans and Catchment Flood Management Plans should be used to make early links with other relevant planning initiatives, for example green infrastructure networks.
During planning phases, work with Government Offices, landowners, rural communities and other Government agencies, such as Natural England and English Heritage, should be undertaken to ensure identification of any opportunities for multiple objective projects.