part of the North West Climate Change Action Plan

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A Strategy for Promoting an Integrated Approach to the Management of Coastal Areas in England

Date: 2008

Evidence type: Policy

Organisation: Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)

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A document detailing the UK's approach to integrated coastal zone management. The strategy promotes a holistic approach to coastal zone management


In 2002, the European Parliament and Council adopted a Recommendation on implementing Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Europe, which asked Member States to undertake a national stocktake of coastal legislation, institutions and stakeholders. Based on this information, Member States were asked to develop national strategies, following eight key principles - this document is the UK's national strategy.


The vision for the coast of the UK is:
• Sustainably managed coastal areas, where competing demands and pressures have been taken into account and the social and economic needs of society have been reconciled with the need for conservation of the natural and historic environment.
• A clear policy and regulatory framework into which the principles of a holistic and co-ordinated approach are embedded.
• A new, strategic management approach in the marine environment, which is effectively integrated with the management of the land.

• More consistent application of the principles of good, holistic and co-ordinated management around the coast.
• A management approach that builds on existing structures and responsibilities, whilst encouraging organisations to work better together.

• A flexible management approach, which supports local initiatives and solutions to address local circumstances, within an overall regulatory framework.

• Appropriate and effective stakeholder and local community involvement throughout management processes.

Key Messages

Local Area Agreements simplify access to some central funding, help join up public services more effectively and allow greater flexibility for local solutions for local circumstances.

They are a performance management contract between central and local government for the delivery of services. The contents of the agreement are guided by the National Indicator set (which includes indicators for climate change adaptation, flood and coastal erosion risk management, biodiversity, litter) and Public Sector Agreements (PSAs) including PSA 27 which is related to Climate Change and PSA 28 which covers a healthy natural environment (including the marine environment).

Green infrastructure type
Non-specific green infrastructure
Climate change role/function
Managing riverine flooding; Managing coastal flooding; Managing surface water; Helping other species to adapt

Local area agreements case study - The Wash estuary.

Improvement in green infrastructure was an agreed target in the first Lincolnshire Local Area Agreement. This empowered the Wash Estuary Strategy Group to request further resources from a range of partners for a Green Infrastructure Master Plan for The Wash and its hinterlands.The completed plan will help identify existing networks and gaps in green infrastructure; provide an evidence base for Local Development Frameworks; and act as a catalyst to enable further resources to be captured to deliver change on the ground - directly delivering the policies in the Wash Estuary Management Plan.

Green infrastructure type
Non-specific green infrastructure
Climate change role/function
Non-specific adaptation role/function

Objective: To ensure a consistent, joined-up approach to regional and local planning and decision making.

Document aims to: 

- ensure that the future direction of planning activity to address flood and coastal risk management is integrated effectively with other planning and management mechanisms, with full consideration of wider social issues such as regeneration;

Climate change role/function
Managing riverine flooding; Managing coastal flooding
Document Analysis


Level of document
Geographical area to which document refers
Is 'green infrastructure' mentioned?
Relevant to climate change...
Is it relevant to other (non-climate change) benefits of green infrastructure?
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